Has E-Books Replaced Printed Books?

 

In this video, I interviewed several college students at Deakin University regarding their thoughts on printed books and electronic books (e-books). The reason of this interview is to find out college student’s tendencies towards printed books and e-books and their attitude toward the future of books in general. I choose to present my research in a format of discussion video. I interviewed several respondents then discussed my findings, draw conclusion and try to persuade the audience towards a new mind-set. I got some interesting answers (which you can find out in my video above). I came up with a few conclusions: 1) Printed books are surprisingly strive to exist in this digital era, even though e-books were predicted to replace printed books (Kahney 1999; Mason 2015), or at least all books will be available in digital format (Guthrie 2012, p. 354), and 2) E-books, given its convenience and eco-friendliness, will not substitute printed books entirely due to personal reasons such as preference towards physical things, authenticity, appealing appearance, etc. These findings are similar to Jubb’s (2017, p. 104) report summarizing that e-books ‘will continue as a supplement to, not a replacement for, print.’

Kindle and Book
Kindle and Book by jamjar (CC BY 2.0)

I create most of the contents on my video, with the exceptions of music and graph. In the interview section, I record the video using two cameras so I can get two third-person point-of-view shot to show the interaction between the interviewer and the respondents from an outsider perspective. For the rest of the video, I use narration to discuss my findings accompanied with scenery shots and animations. I thought about using someone’s footage regarding the topic of my video, but it was not easy to find the suitable footage for my topic which licensed under Creative Common. So, I thought I just make my own footage to avoid any legal cases.

Finding scholarly sources for this topic was actually easy considering there is an abundance of research conducted for this topic. Mostly, Deakin Library helped me a lot finding relatable scholarly sources by simply typing ‘e-books vs printed books.’ Although, most of scholarly sources in it are in the form of e-journal. I had to find other sources such as news and reports to make my video more relevant. A search engine that I used provide links to external sources which I find relatable and they were credible sources.

There are some challenges that I encountered during the making of this video. First, technicality. In the day of my interview with the respondents, it was windy. Unfortunately, I interviewed the respondents outside and as a result interrupted my voice recording. To counteract this problem, I took precaution by recording the interview in audio format using my phone, so I can combined the video recording and audio recording and hopefully eliminate the difference between the recordings and thus producing much better recording. Second, there is a miscommunication with my colleagues which helped me record the interview. Lastly, there is a difficulty of choosing the music which I thought suited the video and has a Creative Common licence. Note to self for further project to record in a quiet and conducive place, preferably indoors for better recording, initially brief my colleagues about how the interview will be conducted, and not be too picky about the music

Kindle Reader.jpg
Kindle Reader by Steve Walker (CC BY-ND 2.0)

This exercise taught me that video-making requires a lot of preparation. There are a lot of factors that was unaccounted for, mostly external factors. I learnt to adapt in any given condition and able to handle it well. Hope this video educates people about the future of books and the roles of digital media (in this case, electronic books) in facilitating student learning and engagement.

 


Word count: 600 (exclude title, in-text citation, caption, references, and word count)

References for video and article:
Cain, S 2017, Ebook sales continue to fall as younger generations drive appetite for print, Guardian News and Media Limited, retrieved 18 January 2018, <https://www.theguardian.com/books/2017/mar/14/ebook-sales-continue-to-fall-nielsen-survey-uk-book-sales>
Carah, N & Louw, E 2015, Media & Society: Production, Content & Participation, SAGE Publications Ltd, London.
Chalkley, T, Brown, A, Cinque, T, Warren, B, Hobbs, M & Finn, M 2012, Communication, New Media, and Everyday Life, Oxford University Press, South Melbourne, Vic.
Guthrie, KM 2012, ‘Will Books Be Different?’, Journal of Library Administration, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 353-369, retrieved 1 February 2018, EBSCOhost database.
Hintz, A, Dencik, L & Wahl-Jorgensen, K 2017, ‘Digital Citizenship and Surveillance Society’, International Journal of Communication 11, vol. 11, pp. 731-739, retrieved 15 January 2018, Gale Literature Resource Center database.
History Cooperative 2016, A History of E Books, History Cooperative, retrieved 18 January 2018, <http://historycooperative.org/a-history-of-e-books/003E
Jubb, M 2017, Academic Books and their Future: A Report to the AHRC and the British Library, retrieved 15 January 2018, < https://academicbookfuture.files.wordpress.com/2017/06/academic-books-and-their-futures_jubb1.pdf>
Kahney 1999, Microsoft: Paper is Dead, Condé Nast, retrieved 2 February 2018, < https://www.wired.com/1999/08/microsoft-paper-is-dead/>
Khalid, A 2014, ‘Text Books: ebook Vs. Print’, Journal of Education and Human Development, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 243-258, retrieved 16 January 2016, < http://jehdnet.com/journals/jehd/Vol_3_No_2_June_2014/13.pdf>
Mason, C 2015, Will Ebooks Eventually Replace Print Completely?, Puberati LLC, retrieved 1 February 2018, <http://blog.publerati.com/2015/12/will-ebooks-eventually-replace-print-completely/>
Rainie, L, Zickuhr, K, Purcell, K, Madden, M & Brenner J 2012, The rise of e-reading, Pew Internet & American Life Project, retrieved 20 January 2018, <http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2012/04/04/the-rise-of-e-reading/>
The History of eBooks from 1930’s “Readies” to Today’s GPO eBook Services 2014, Government Book Talk, retrieved 18 January 2018, <https://govbooktalk.gpo.gov/2014/03/10/the-history-of-ebooks-from-1930s-readies-to-todays-gpo-ebook-services/>
Music:
Bright Side by Evan Schaeffer (CC BY-NC 3.0)
Graph:
Cain, S 2017, Ebook sales continue to fall as younger generations drive appetite for print, Guardian News and Media Limited, retrieved 18 January 2018, <https://www.theguardian.com/books/2017/mar/14/ebook-sales-continue-to-fall-nielsen-survey-uk-book-sales>

Yes, I’m Changing!

In both the real one and the social one, people create an identity; however, in most cases, this identity differs in real and in virtual life (Tőrők-Ágoston 2017 p. 167). People use social media to interact with people, find information, business purposes, maintain social status, even stalking. The subjects can be many things: they can be citizens, consumers, participants, gamers, lurkers, or stalkers (Poletti & Rak 2014, p. 4). Every person has their own mission on social media. Social media is a complex term with multi-layered meanings (Fuchs 2014, p. 6). Some of them use it to gain fame, to make a change for the world, and some use it to just ‘watch’ while they fly under the radar, undetected. I myself claimed that I belong in the latter group. I use social media to just exist in the virtual world and do not contribute for the greater good. I do not comment on people’s post, I do not like many people’s status, I do not share other people’s content, but I do know about everyone’s life. Yes, I am what they called ‘passive user.’ A passive user, also known as a lurker, browses the content on the SNS (social networking sites) but rarely contributes (Aihui, Yaobin, & Gupta 2014, p. 215). In essence, passive user is an online user who only read, see, and watch, without giving an appreciation to the original poster’s, aka OP’s, content, such as likes, comment, subscribe, share, etc.

Screenshot (207)
Screenshot of ‘Yes, I’m Changing!’, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vGrWy8xNakA, retrieved 10 December 2017.

At first, I don’t really mind about it at all, because I use my social media for personal use only. I never meant to share any of my post. It only meant to be seen by my friends. Then, I had the chance to take part in a Unit at Deakin University, ALC203, which allows me to explore further about social media and its benefits. For the purposes of the discussion, we define social networking as the building of online communities through the movement of non-virtual human relationships into the virtual world via the use of various technological devices (Brown 2012, p. 167). At first, I was hesitant on where should I start. I first explore my own social media accounts. I already have Instagram, Snapchat, Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn account. It seems that I have a fair amount of accounts. In reality, or should I say, in virtual world, I frequently uses Instagram for my daily dose of news, hot topic, and memes. For me, Instagram includes almost every features that any social media platform offers. I barely uses my other accounts; well, maybe Snapchat to look at Daily Mail.

Understanding social media critically means, among other things, to engage with the different forms of sociality on the Internet in the context of society (Fuchs 2014, p. 6). Even though I said that I frequently uses Instagram, it doesn’t mean I post regularly. I open my Instagram to look at my friends’ posts, their story, and other posts from news accounts, infotainment accounts, fashion accounts, gossip accounts, etc. Of course, I post occasionally but I prefer to just lurk. I post only what’s necessary, such as my birthday party, memorable events, photos or videos with my friends, and that’s about it. I don’t like constantly spamming my friends feed with unnecessary post. As Tőrők-Ágoston said:

People only show beautiful images, where they look powerful, strong, fulfilled, trendy, mysterious, having a beautiful family – they thus create their own identity not always the way it is, but the way they wish it were. (Tőrők-Ágoston 2017 p. 169)
Screenshot Profile
Screenshot of my Instagram profile, retrieved 9 December 2017.

I myself admit that I do care about my image on the internet, even though I am a passive user. I still try to maintain a beautiful profile of my Instagram by theming my post with a consistent border. Well, to this day, only my main Instagram profile that can be categorized as organized and beautiful. I also happened to have other Instagram accounts that I use for various purpose, or many people called it fake accounts. I use them for shopping online, follow celebrities, even stalking. Another account that I have is for sharing what is really happening in my life regarding private and intimate matter. I called it my second account; it is still me, but only certain friends or my peer group can see my posts. It really helps because it is like my online diary.

A man checks Twitter on an iPhone
A man checks Twitter on an iPhone by Steve Garfield (CC BY 2.0)

Previously, I focused on my Instagram accounts. That’s because Instagram is my number one social media. Some of you may know the feeling when you just bored and open an app, and after you’re bored using that app, you closed it and you try to find another way to deal with your boredom and you unconsciously open that app again. That is what Instagram is for me. It’s an addiction that I can’t quit. But how about my other social media account? How about my Twitter accounts? I use Twitter for academic purposes, like sharing my blog post, use a Twitter poll as a little research, and post my thoughts about certain topic for my assignments.

However, recently I realized that Twitter is more than I thought it was. With a limited amount of 140 characters, I could post anything as brief as possible. I can share about my personal opinion about certain events, share informative news, and most important, It is a waste of opportunity to not do something useful out of it. The most important thing is I can expand my social networking on twitter. On the other hand, the highly complex nature of social networking itself means that the reverse of this is also true: the building of, and participation in, online communities might be seen to affect how we view ourselves and what is important to us in the first place (Brown 2012, p. 169).

Managing my social media turns out to be benefiting for my future. Internet affordances help to determine how we will behave online, because they direct us to act in certain ways even be a certain type of person (Poletti & Rak 2014, p. 5). In today’s era where everything can be found online, it is also means that everything that I have done on the internet can be seen by everyone. The fact that two billion of the world’s individuals are online – connected and interacting – means that vast amounts of personal data are constantly released and stored (Frunzaru & Garbașevschi 2016, p. 4). If you happen to have something embarrassing on the internet, then good luck erasing it, because once it is on the internet, it can never be deleted. Because of that, keeping a low profile would be a safe choice, except it is really not. Building an identity on your social media helps other people to assess your capability. In this case, like applying for a job. When you apply for a certain job, some managers often look for the candidate’s information on the internet. That’s why it is important to keep your profile clean, as Caers and Castelyns (cited in Van Ouytsel, Walrave & Ponnet 2014, p. 182) said that online search results and profiles on social media sites influence the likelihood that a candidate will be invited for an interview or be hired. LinkedIn helps me put my CV on the internet so my future employer can see it.

Utilizing social media to its fullest helped me build a better virtual identity. Social networking can even offer opportunities for people to explore and experiment with aspects of themselves, which they might be more uncomfortable about doing in other venues or situations (Brown 2012, p. 170). My target is to build my virtual identity as similar as possible to the real life me. Exploring social media and its benefits helped me to achieve just that. After all, my virtual identity will eventually outlive me. In case of that, better to leave my virtual identity’s image as beautiful as possible so my predecessor will know my legacy.

 

 

Screenshot (208)
Screenshot of ‘Yes, I’m Changing!’ https://www.slideshare.net/BintanNovania/yes-im-changing at SlideShare, retrieved 10 December 2017.
I don't think Online Identity is necessary
I don’t think Online Identity is necessary at Canva

Word Count: 1261 (exclude title, in-text citation, caption and references)

REFERENCES

Brown, A 2012, ‘Social Networking and Social Norms: ‘Be Nice or I’ll Delete you’’, in T Chalkley, A Brown, T Cinque, B Warren, M Hobbs & F Mark (eds), Communication, New Media, and Everyday Life, Oxford University Press, South Melbourne, Victoria, pp. 165-75.
Chen, A, Lu, Y, Chau, PYK & Gupta, S 2014, ‘Classifying, Measuring, and Predicting Users’ Overall Active Behavior on Social Networking Sites’, Journal of Management Information System, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 213-53, retrieved 2 December 2017, EBSCOhost database.
Frunzaru,V & Garbașevschi, D 2016, ‘Students’ Online Identity Management’, Journal of Media Research, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 3-13, retrieved 7 December 2017, EBSCOhost database.
Fuchs, Christian 2014, Social Media: A Critical Introduction, 1st edn, Sage, London.
Poletti, A & Rak, J 2014, ‘Introduction: Digital Dialogues’, in A Poletti & J Rak (eds), Identity Technologies: Constructing the Self Online, The University of Wisconsin Press, Wisconsin.
Tőrők-Ágoston, R 2017, ‘Education and Social Media’, Journal of Media Research, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 166-83, retrieved 2 December 2017, ProQuest Central database.
Van Ouytsel, J, Walrave, M & Ponnet, K 2014, ‘How Schools Can Help Their Students to Strengthen Their Online Reputations’, Clearing House, vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 180-5, retrieved 4 December 2017, EBSCOhost database.

 

 

 

 

 

Naturally Stalkers

Surveillance In Places
Bubbl. Screenshot taken by Matilda Tay on 26 September 2017

The options considered for the genre considered for the video included, a mockumentary, an investigative mockumentary and a news report. The discussion was done in the early stages, mostly through emails.  We finally agreed on making it a news report and then proceeded to brainstorm on some of the ideas surrounding surveillance, that would make an interesting news story.

The mockumentary would involve each group member taking note of how many times a day we would leave a digital footprint over a period of one week.

Continue reading “Naturally Stalkers”

The Necessity of Parental Monitoring

In adolescent stage, children prefer spending their time away from home. Adolescents are prone to be influenced by bad things such as alcohol abuse, drugs, and delinquency. As a parent, they have to make sure that their kids are safe from those things. Thus, comes parental monitoring,  which defined as ‘a set of correlated parenting behaviors involving attention to and tracking of the child’s whereabouts, activities, and adaptations’ (Dishion & McMahon 1998, p. 61).

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[Illustration] Teenagers may behave negatively without their parent’s knowledge. Jaryd’s by Winnie Liu (CC BY 2.0)
Continue reading “The Necessity of Parental Monitoring”

Surveillance and Celebrity Culture

Privacy and the private become an issue in an age where everything is seemingly put out in the open but where the dark spaces of closure and secrecy trouble the relentless flow of information and communication. (Redmond 2016, p. 79)
Lily_Donaldson_paparazzi_Cannes_2012
Lily Donaldson at the Cannes Film Festival by Georges Biard (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Analysing this block quote, it becomes apparent in today’s world that privacy is blurred. Whether we realised it or not, everything we do is monitored. Some we can see, such as CCTVs, but some can’t be seen, such as satellites, camera of our devices, or even stalker. Everybody can be its victim, regardless of their position and power. Even so, some people are more entertaining than us to be seen and followed, virtually and physically. These “entertaining” people are what we called a celebrity.

Continue reading “Surveillance and Celebrity Culture”

Surveillance in Education

ALC205 Digital Media and The Surveillance Society

Surveillance in Education

USA - Education - Security Camera in High School

One of the examples of surveillance in education is CCTVS in school. Sometimes it brings positive benefit, but sometimes the opposite.  It also brings no surprise because there is a lot of countries are progressively using surveillance kinds of stuff in school to handle all sorts of issues: drugs, smoking, and bullying as well. In Australia, there is approximately 60 schools have CCTV cameras in the main hall, main room, and they are planning to install CCTV at classrooms and outside the bathroom. CCTV in schools is handled by some surveillance stuff, as known as the guardian of truth. Some of the teachers are welcome that type of surveillance in order to protect their student from crimes. However, CCTV in school should have been put in a place when properly managed, but then once the CCTV is being used in the foyers of schools, how long it would be before it is put use in classrooms, canteens, and perhaps in the toilets. Once CCTV is put through the school gates, the temptation installing it throughout school can be hard to withstand. On the other hand, the government said that the use of CCTV in school can protect privacy, avoid crime, and control pupil behavior as well. CCTV also can be used as the evidence in a certain situation where blame and law need to be mediated.

The Advantages of Surveillance Cameras in School Continue reading “Surveillance in Education”